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Monday 20 July 2009

W3EDP Antenna

Well I posted a question if there were any long wire gurus on the GQRP list a while back to see if anyone else might recommend an alternative for my home qth. The issue is I seem to have a problem working sub 300 mile qso on 40m and 80m as I usually use a vertical on both bands as I have some interesting antenna restrictions.

The first is not really a restriction but I have agreed a 'no wires across the garden' rule which means that a permanent dipole (I have a 150-166 foot garden) is definitely out as I can neither put in a central support or have traps, balun, choke or ladder line in view. The reasons are multiple but the big one is neighbours. We are close to RAF Duxford (home of GB2IWM) and when the spitfires are flying ANYTHING and I mean absolutely ANYTHING is spotted in about 10 seconds. The only thing that passes is a fine single horizontal wire antenna but nothing must be supporting it. The W3EDP seems to be about the only thing that I can use.

Anyway I came across the W3EDP a while back and here are some web thoughts from QRP-L and other places:


I experimented extensively with the W3EDP wire antenna. The W3EDP, a variation of a true Zepp, is an interesting antenna, and one that I had high hopes for. It is described in Practical Wire Antennas by John D. Heys, G3BDQ; additional information on the W3EDP can be found in my Archives and Articles and in the article The FFD Antenna: A Field-Friendly Doublet, with Notes on Related Designs by Charlie Lofgren, W6JJZ.
The W3EDP consists of an 85' wire and a 17' wire that's sometimes called a "counterpoise". The counterpoise isn't connected for 80m or for 10m, but is connected for 15m, 20m, and 40m. The W3EDP is very easy to deploy--it needs only one elevated support, doesn't need a separate feedline, and packs up really small.
My initial trials of the W3EDP were using the MFJ-901B/HM-9 combination. I was able to successfully use the the W3EDP on 20m and 40m over the year that I experimented with it, on several operating events as well as on two trips away from home. Following the recommendations (article) of Charlie Lofgren, W6JJZ, I tried configuring my W3EDP such that the 17' wire was half of a parallel feedline, using 0.75" x 1.5" sheet styrene pieces as separators. However, when I tried this arrangement as an Inverted-L (using a sliding "button" insulator on the radiating element) from a cabin on Presque Isle, Michigan, I had trouble getting a good match on 20 and 80 meters. On subsequent trials with the 17' counterpoise lying on the ground it tuned easily on 20 and 40 meters, but I couldn't get a match on 80 meters. Clearly, the W3EDP/MFJ-901B antenna system was not the ideal all-band antenna system.
The arrival of the LDG Z-11 QRP Autotuner changed everything. The Z-11 easily tunes the W3EDP on 10, 15, 20, 40, and 80m through the homebrew 4:1 balun. I used this antenna from my billet at Rickenbacker Air National Guard Base during the month of June, 2003, suspending the 85' portion of the antenna between my third-floor window and the outside staircase of the neighboring building, allowing the 17' component to hang out the window. The tuner with balun easily tuned the antenna on all bands tried and QSOs were successfully made on 40m. I have also used the W3EDP/Z-11/balun combination in the field. I operated the 2003 E-PA QRP "TAC" Contest with the W3EDP/Z-11 antenna system, this time with the 85' portion extended in an inverted-L arrangement between two trees and the 17' component lying on the ground beneath the radiator. Again, the tuner easily tuned the antenna on all the bands tested and QSOs were successfully made on 20m and 40m despite poor band conditions. The W3EDP/Z-11 antenna system is a viable all-band antenna system. It's easy to deploy, tunes easily, and covers all the bands of interest.
I have 100' of teflon-coated wire wound onto an inexpensive plastic camping-style clothesline reel (photo). My plan with this wire antenna is to spool out as much as the available supports allow and operate it against the 17' W3EDP counterpoise.

An article by Bob Kellogg, AE4IC, from QRP-L about the W3EDP portable antenna. (07/12/1996)
An archive of emails between me and L.B. Cebik, W4RNL, comparing the W3EDP antenna and a 65' wire with counterpoise. (12/06/1996)
An article by Steven Weber, KD1JV, from QRP-L about the W3EDP antenna. (10/19/1997)
An article by Jay Coote, W6CJ, from QRP-L, about the W3EDP antenna. (10/20/1997)
An article by Keith, WB2VUO, from QRP-L, comparing his W3EDP to his 80/40m fan dipole. (03/01/1998)
An article by James Duffey, KK6MC/5, from QRP-L about the W3EDP and other long wire antennas. (03/03/1998)
An article by Charlie Lofgren, W6JJZ, from QRP-L analyzing the W3EDP antenna. (03/07/1998)
An archive of articles from QRP-L discussing the W3EDP, with comparisons to a dipole and a vertical. (01/06/2000)
An article by Monty Northrup, N5ESE, discussing his counterpoise system for use with the W3EDP antenna. (02/21/2005)
An email from W5TB discussing his experiences with the W3EDP and describing his technique for getting the wire in the trees. (09/01/2005


himseema said...

I experimented extensively with the W3EDP wire antenna. The W3EDP, a variation of a true Zepp, is an interesting antenna, and one that I had high hopes for. It is described in Practical Wire Antennas by John D. Heys, G3BDQ; additional information on the W3EDP can be found in my Archives and Articles and in the article
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Unknown said...

Shortwave radio antennas are a necessity for the shortwave radio operator as they are what sends and brings in the signal across the airwaves into the radio. The benefits of the radio antennas are that they enable a greater and stronger signal to and from the radio. Antennas are made up of a single long wire that is clipped to the radio with a supporting stand or installed on a tower outside the building.

Anonymous said...

My EDP uses 26 gauge insulated black wire and has some kind of 'mojo' that cannot be explained in terns of physics. I hoist the end up in palm trees (KH6, ZF8, VP5, V31, HR9) with 30' of camouflage parachute cord after threading up with 'slick' rope and an arborist's sinker. In Hong Kong I hang it off a 5 meter extendible black fishing pole out of a high rise window at night. The counter poise Israel's from a plastic laundry line reel used by campers.